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Test Preparation

TOEFL Format

TOEFL is administered online from where it gets its name - TOEFL iBT (Internet Based Test). The test is of four and a half hours duration and consists of a variety of reading, listening, speaking and writing tasks.

During the test, students will be expected to demonstrate their ability to combine all four skills: reading, listening, speaking and writing tasks. For instance, students may be asked to:

  • Read, listen and then write in response to a question
  • Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
  • Listen and then speak in response to a question

Structure of the TOEFL iBT

SectionTime LimitQuestionsTasks
Reading60 - 80 minutes36 - 56 questionsRead 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listening60 - 90 minutes34 - 51 questionsListen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.
Break10 minutes--
Speaking20 minutes6 tasksExpress an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Writing50 minutes2 tasksWrite essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.

TOEFL iBT Score Scales

Each of the four TOEFL sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing) are scored out of 30. The composite (or overall) TOEFL score will range from 0 to 120 and is calculated by combining the TOEFL scores on each of the four sections.

SkillScore RangeLevel
Reading0 - 30High (22-30) Intermediate (15-21) Low (0-14)
Listening0 - 30High (22 - 30) Intermediate (15 - 21) Low (0 - 14)
Speaking0 - 30

Good (26 - 30) Fair (18 - 25) Limited (10 - 17) Weak (0 - 9)

Writing0 - 30

Good (24 - 30) Fair (17 - 23) Limited (1 - 16)

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